List of current permanent representatives to the United Nations

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This is a list of the current permanent representatives to the United Nations at United Nations Headquarters, New York City. Listed are the country that they represent and the date that they presented their credentials to the UN Secretary-General.[1] The list is sorted by the official order in which the flags are flown in front of UN buildings. This is also the seating arrangement in the General Assembly. Permanent representatives are also appointed to the United Nations Offices in Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi; and permanent delegates to specialized agencies of the UN, such as FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy and UNESCO Headquarters at Paris, France.

United Nations member states[edit]

# Country Name Date of presentation of credentials
(as of 22 October 2019)[1]
Former permanent representatives
1.  Afghanistan Adela Raz 8 March 2019
2.  Albania Besiana Kadare 30 June 2016 Permanent Representative of Albania to the United Nations
3.  Algeria Sofiane Mimouni 15 October 2019
4.  Andorra Elisenda Vives Balmaña 3 November 2015
5.  Angola Maria de Jesus dos Reis Ferreira 21 May 2018
6.  Antigua and Barbuda Walton Alfonso Webson 17 December 2014
7.  Argentina Martín García Moritán 16 February 2016
8.  Armenia Mher Margaryan 31 August 2018
9.  Australia Mitchell Peter Fifield 22 October 2019 Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations
10.  Austria Jan Kickert 8 September 2015
11.  Azerbaijan Yashar T. Aliyev 10 June 2014
12.  Bahamas Sheila Carey 13 September 2017
13.  Bahrain Jamal Fares Alrowaiei 14 September 2011
14.  Bangladesh Masud Bin Momen 24 September 2015
15.  Barbados Henrietta Elizabeth Thompson 30 August 2018 Permanent Representative of Barbados to the United Nations
16.  Belarus Valentin Rybakov 15 September 2017
17.  Belgium Marc Pecsteen de Buytswerve 22 August 2016 List of Belgian Permanent Representatives to the United Nations
18.  Belize Lois Michele Young 19 September 2012
19.  Benin Jean-Claude Félix do REGO 16 September 2016
20.  Bhutan Doma Tshering 13 September 2017
21.  Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Sacha Sergio Llorenty Solíz 19 September 2012
22.  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sven Alkalaj 5 July 2019
23.  Botswana Collen Vixen Kelapile 26 October 2018
24.  Brazil Mauro Luiz Iecker Vieira 11 November 2016
25.  Brunei Darussalam Hajah Noor Qamar binti Haji Sulaiman 18 February 2019
26.  Bulgaria Georgi Velikov Panayotov 9 September 2016
27.  Burkina Faso Yemdaogo Eric Tiare 21 December 2015
28.  Burundi Albert Shingiro 4 September 2014
29.  Cabo Verde José Luis Fialho Rocha 5 December 2016
30.  Cambodia Sovann Ke 13 August 2018
31.  Cameroon Michel Tommo Monthé 8 September 2008
32.  Canada Marc-André Blanchard 12 April 2016 Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations
33.  Central African Republic Ambroisine Kpongo 19 September 2014
34.  Chad Ali Alefei Moustapha 9 January 2017
35.  Chile Milenko Skoknic Tapia 21 May 2018 Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations
36.  China Zhang Jun 30 July 2019 Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations
37.  Colombia Guillermo Fernández de Soto Valderrama 26 October 2018 Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations
38.  Comoros Mohamed Soilihi Soilih 5 November 2014
39.  Congo Raymond-Serge Balé 11 November 2008
40.  Costa Rica Rodrigo Alberto Carazo Zeledón 31 August 2018
41.  Côte d'Ivoire Kacou Houadja Léon 12 July 2018
42.  Croatia Ivan Šimonović 16 September 2019 Permanent Representative of Croatia to the United Nations
43.  Cuba Anayansi Rodríguez Camejo 23 January 2017
44.  Cyprus Andreas D. Mavroyiannis 23 July 2019
45.  Czech Republic Marie Chatardová 2 August 2016
46.  North Korea Kim Song 20 September 2018
47.  Democratic Republic of the Congo Ignace Gata Mavita wa Lufuta 5 September 2012
48.  Denmark Martin Bille Hermann 14 January 2019
49.  Djibouti Mohamed Siad Doualeh 24 November 2015
50.  Dominica Loreen Ruth Bannis-Roberts 22 August 2016
51.  Dominican Republic Francisco Antonio Cortorreal 16 April 2014
52.  Ecuador Luis Gallegos 20 November 2018
53.  Egypt Mohamed Fathi Ahmed Edrees 28 February 2018
54.  El Salvador Egriselda Aracely González López 21 August 2019
55.  Equatorial Guinea Anatolio Ndong Mba 7 January 2010
56.  Eritrea Sophia Tesfamariam Yohannes 5 September 2019
57.  Estonia Sven Jürgenson 13 August 2015
58.  Eswatini Melusi Martin Masuku 5 July 2017
59.  Ethiopia Taye Atske Sellassie Made 10 September 2018
60.  Fiji Satyendra Prasad 21 May 2018
61.  Finland Jukka Salovaara 4 June 2019 Permanent Representative of Finland to the United Nations
62.  France Nicolas de Rivière 8 July 2019 Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
63.  Gabon Michel Xavier Biang 18 August 2017
64.  Gambia Lang Yabou 18 October 2018
65.  Georgia Kaha Imnadze[2] 23 July 2013
66.  Germany Christoph Heusgen 26 July 2017 Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations
67.  Ghana Martha Ama Akyaa Pobee 31 July 2015
68.  Greece Maria Theofili 13 September 2017
69.  Grenada Kesha A. McGuire 12 April 2016 Grenadian Permanent Representative to the United Nations
70.  Guatemala Luis Antonio Lam Padilla 5 September 2019
71.  Guinea Fatoumata Kaba 5 July 2018
72.  Guinea-Bissau Fernando Delfim Da Silva 12 September 2017
73.  Guyana Rudolp Michael Ten-Pow 22 August 2016 Permanent Representative of Guyana to the United Nations
74.  Haiti Denis Regis 23 July 2013
75.  Honduras Mary Elizabeth Flores 29 April 2010 Permanent Representative of Honduras to the United Nations
76.  Hungary Katalin Annamária Bogyay 20 January 2015
77.  Iceland Jörundur Valtýsson 5 September 2019
78.  India Syed Akbaruddin 24 September 2015 Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations
79.  Indonesia Dian Triansyah Djani 12 April 2016 Permanent Representative of Indonesia to the United Nations
80.  Iran (Islamic Republic of) Majid Takht-Ravanchi 23 April 2019 Permanent Representative of Iran to the United Nations
81.  Iraq Mohamed Ali Alhakim 12 September 2017 Permanent Representative of Iraq to the United Nations
82.  Ireland Geraldine Byrne Nason 18 August 2017
83.  Israel Danny Danon 14 August 2015 Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations
84.  Italy Maria Angela Zappia 13 August 2018 Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations
85.  Jamaica Courtenay Rattray 25 June 2013
86.  Japan Koro Bessho 10 June 2016
87.  Jordan Sima Sami Bahous 22 August 2016
88.  Kazakhstan Kairat Umarov 9 January 2017
89.  Kenya Lazarus Ombai Amayo 21 May 2018
90.  Kiribati Teburoro Tito 13 September 2017
91.  Kuwait Mansour Ayyad Al-Otaibi 4 March 2010
92.  Kyrgyzstan Mirgul Moldoisaeva 12 April 2016
93.  Lao People's Democratic Republic Khiane Phansourivong 16 April 2014
94.  Latvia Andrejs Pildegovičs 5 September 2018
95.  Lebanon Amal Mudallali 15 January 2018
96.  Lesotho Nkopane Raseen Monyane 18 February 2019
97.  Liberia Dee-Maxwell Saah Kemayah 20 September 2018 Permanent Representative of Liberia to the United Nations
98.  Libya Elmahdi S. Elmajerbi chargé d'affaires ad interim
99.  Liechtenstein Christian Wenaweser 1 October 2002
100.  Lithuania Audra Plepytė 18 August 2017 Permanent Representative of Lithuania to the United Nations
101.  Luxembourg Christian Braun 9 September 2016 Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to the United Nations
102.  Madagascar Arisoa Lala Razafitrimo 23 March 2018
103.  Malawi Perks Master Clemency Ligoya 24 August 2018
104.  Malaysia Syed Mohamad Hasrin Aidid 5 July 2019
105.  Maldives Thilmeeza Hussain 21 May 2019
106.  Mali Issa Konfourou 9 September 2016
107.  Malta Carmelo Inguanez 5 July 2016
108.  Marshall Islands Amatlain Elizabeth Kabua 5 July 2016
109.  Mauritania Sidi Mohamed Taleb Amar 18 February 2019
110.  Mauritius Jagdish Koonjul 24 November 2015
111.  Mexico Juan Ramón de la Fuente Ramírez 18 February 2019
112.  Federated States of Micronesia Jane J. Chigiyal 2 December 2011
113.  Monaco Isabelle F. Picco 11 September 2009
114.  Mongolia Sukhee Sukhbold 31 July 2015
115.  Montenegro Milica Pejanović Đurišić 21 May 2018
116.  Morocco Omar Hilale 23 April 2014 Permanent Representative of Morocco to the United Nations
117.  Mozambique António Gumende 20 October 2011
118.  Myanmar Hau Do Suan 5 July 2016
119.  Namibia Neville Melvin Gertze 9 January 2017
120.  Nauru Marlene Moses 30 March 2005
121.    Nepal Amrit Bahadur Rai 8 March 2019
122.  Netherlands Karel van Oosterom 5 August 2013
123.  New Zealand Craig John Hawke 18 August 2017 List of Permanent Representatives of New Zealand to the United Nations in New York
124.  Nicaragua Jaime Hermida Castillo 18 October 2018
125.  Niger Abdou Abarry 4 June 2019
126.  Nigeria Tijjani Muhammad Bande 3 May 2017 List of Representatives of Nigeria to the United Nations in New York and Geneva.
127. North Macedonia North Macedonia Vasile Andonovski 14 March 2014
128.  Norway Mona Juul 14 January 2019
129.  Oman Mohamed Al Hassan 21 August 2019
130.  Pakistan Maleeha Lodhi 10 March 2015 Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations
131.  Palau Ngedikes Olai Uludong 21 March 2017
132.  Panama Melitón Alejandro Arrocha Ruiz 28 February 2018 Permanent Representative of Panama to the United Nations
133.  Papua New Guinea Max Hufanen Rai 9 June 2016
134.  Paraguay Julio César Arriola Ramirez 21 March 2017
135.  Peru Gustavo Adolfo Meza-Cuadra Velásquez 24 October 2013
136.  Philippines Vacant 12 October 2018 Permanent Representative of the Philippines to the United Nations
137.  Poland Joanna Wronecka 19 December 2017
138.  Portugal Francisco António Duarte Lopes 13 September 2017
139.  Qatar Alya bint Ahmed Al Thani 24 October 2013
140.  South Korea Cho Hyun 22 October 2019
141.  Republic of Moldova Victor Moraru 5 July 2017 Permanent Representative of Moldova to the United Nations
142.  Romania Ion Jinga 13 August 2015
143.  Russian Federation Vasily Nebenzya 28 July 2017 Permanent Representative of Russia to the United Nations
144.  Rwanda Valentine Rugwabiza 11 November 2016
145.  Saint Kitts and Nevis Sam Terrance Condor 27 October 2015
146.  Saint Lucia Cosmos Richardson 22 February 2017
147.  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Inga Rhonda King 13 September 2013
148.  Samoa Ali'ioaiga Feturi Elisaia 18 September 2003
149.  San Marino Damiano Beleffi 22 August 2016
150.  São Tomé and Príncipe Alcinio Cravid e Silva chargé d'affaires ad interim
151.  Saudi Arabia Abdallah Yahya A. Al-Mouallimi 23 June 2011
152.  Senegal Cheikh Niang 12 July 2018
153.  Serbia Milan Milanović 19 August 2013
154.  Seychelles Ronald Jumeau 3 May 2017
155.  Sierra Leone Alie Kabba 5 September 2019
156.  Singapore Burhanudeen Gafoor 22 August 2016
157.  Slovakia Michal Mlynár 18 August 2017
158.  Slovenia Darja Bavdaž Kuret 18 August 2017
159.  Solomon Islands Robert Sisilo 23 January 2017
160.  Somalia Abukar Dahir Osman 26 July 2017
161.  South Africa Jeremiah Nyamane Kingsley Mamabolo[3] 13 March 2013
162.  South Sudan Akuei Bona Malwal 5 July 2016
163.  Spain Agustín Santos Maraver 5 September 2018
164.  Sri Lanka Kshenuka Dhireni Senewiratne 21 August 2019 Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations
165.  Sudan Omer Mohamed Ahmed Siddig 19 June 2019
166.  Suriname Kitty Monique Sweeb 19 June 2019
167.  Sweden Olof Skoog 10 March 2015 Permanent Representative of Sweden to the United Nations
168.   Switzerland Jürg Lauber 8 September 2015
169.  Syrian Arab Republic Bashar Jaafari 31 July 2006 Permanent Representative of Syria to the United Nations
170.  Tajikistan Mahmadamin Mahmadaminov 25 February 2014
171.  Thailand Vitavas Srivihok 21 May 2018
172.  Timor-Leste Milena Pires 12 April 2016
173.  Togo Kokou Kpayedo 30 June 2016
174.  Tonga Viliami Va'inga Tōnē 5 July 2018
175.  Trinidad and Tobago Pennelope Althea Beckles 22 August 2016
176.  Tunisia Moncef Baati 16 September 2019
177.  Turkey Feridun Sinirlioğlu 21 October 2016
178.  Turkmenistan Aksoltan Toreevna Ataeva 23 February 1995
179.  Tuvalu Samuelu Laloniu 26 July 2017
180.  Uganda Adonia Ayebare 3 May 2017
181.  Ukraine Volodymyr Yelchenko 9 December 2015 Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations
182.  United Arab Emirates Lana Zaki Nusseibeh 18 September 2013
183.  United Kingdom Karen Pierce 23 March 2018 Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations
184.  United Republic of Tanzania Modest Jonathan Mero 21 March 2017 Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations
185.  United States of America Kelly Craft 12 September 2019 United States Ambassador to the United Nations
186.  Uruguay Carlos Daniel Amorín Tenconi 15 October 2019
187.  Uzbekistan Bakhtiyor Ibragimov 23 May 2017
188.  Vanuatu Odo Tevi 13 August 2014
189.  Venezuela Samuel Moncada Acosta 19 December 2017
190.  Vietnam Dang Dinh Quy 12 July 2018
191.  Yemen Abdullah Ali Fadhel Al-Saadi 20 December 2018
192.  Zambia Lazarous Kapambwe 5 July 2017
193.  Zimbabwe Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava 19 September 2014

United Nations General Assembly observers[edit]

Non-member observer states[edit]

(as of 12 July 2018)

State Name Date of presentation
of credentials [1]
Former Permanent Observers
  Holy See 19 September 2014 Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations
State of Palestine Palestine Riyad Mansour 12 September 2005[4] Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations

Intergovernmental organizations[edit]

Entity Name Date of presentation
of credentials
African Union Fatima Kyari Mohammed[5] 23 March 2018
Asian–African Legal Consultative Organization Roy S. Lee[6] 9 November 2009
Caribbean Community Missouri Sherman-Peter[7] 5 November 2014
Central American Integration System Carlos Campos 16 October 2015
Commonwealth of Nations Patricia Scotland 1 April 2016
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Alammar[8] 19 August 2014
Economic Community of Central African States Jeanne d'Arc Byaje[9] 18 February 2019
Economic Community of Western African States Tanou Koné[10] 17 February 2015
European Public Law Organization Barbara Faedda[11] 21 May 2019
European Union Joao Vale de Almeida[12] 3 November 2015
Gulf Cooperation Council Mohammed Alnowaiser[13] 15 September 2017
International Chamber of Commerce Andrew Wilson[14] 28 February 2018
International Criminal Police Organization Emmanuel Roux 16 October 2015
International Development Law Organization Patrizio M. Civili 16 October 2015
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance Massimo Tommasoli 16 October 2015
International Organization for Migration Ashraf Elnour Mustafa Mohamed Nour[15] 11 May 2015
International Organization of la Francophonie Narjess Saidane[16] 18 August 2017
International Renewable Energy Agency Ahmed Abdel-Latif[17] 11 June 2019
International Seabed Authority Michael W. Lodge[18] 28 February 2018
International Union for Conservation of Nature David Chadwick O'Connor[19] 24 November 2015
Latin American, Caribbean Indigenous Peoples Fund Oscar Horacio Aguilar Colindres[20] 21 May 2019
League of Arab States Maged Abdelfattah Abdelaziz[21] 15 September 2017
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Robin Ogilvy[22] 5 July 2018
Organization of American States Gonzalo Koncke[23] 25 January 2016
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Agshin Mehdiyev[24] 30 June 2016
Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean Qazi Shaukat Fareed[25] 31 July 2015
Partners in Population and Development Mohammad Nurul Alam[26] 6 July 2012
South Centre Manuel F. Montes[27] 5 July 2017
University for Peace Narinder Kakar[28] 16 March 2009

Other entities[edit]

Listed below are representatives from organizations, not sovereign states, described by the United Nations as "Other entities having received a standing invitation to participate as observers in the sessions and the work of the General Assembly and maintaining permanent offices at Headquarters." (as of 28 July 2019)

Entity Name Date of presentation
of credentials
International Committee of the Red Cross Robert Mardini[29] 5 September 2018
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Richard Blewitt[30] 13 August 2018
International Olympic Committee Mario Pescante[31] 15 March 2010
Inter-Parliamentary Union Paddy Torsney[32] 16 April 2014
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Paul Beresford-Hill[33] 1 August 2019

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "List of Permanent Representatives and Observers to the United Nations in New York (As of Friday, 25 October 2019)" (PDF). United Nations Protocol and Liaison Service. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Biographical note - New permanent Representative of Georgia presents credentials". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Representative of South Africa presents credentials". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of Palestine presents appointment letter". Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  5. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for African Union presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of the Caribbean Community presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Economic Community of Central African States presents letter of appointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of Economic Community of Western African States presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for European Public Law Organization Presents Letter of Appointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Biographical note - New Head of European Union Delegation presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Gulf Cooperation Council Presents Letter of Apointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for International Chamber of Commerce presents Letter of Appointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of International Organization for Migration presents Letter of Appointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for International Organization of la Francophonie presents Letter of Appointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for International Renewable Energy Agency presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  18. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for the Organisation for International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  19. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for the Organisation for International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  20. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Latin American, Caribbean Indigenous Peoples Fund Presents Letter of Apointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for the League of Arab States presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Organisation of American States presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for Organization of Islamic Cooperation presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  26. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of Partners in Population and Development presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  27. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer for South Centre presents Letter of Appointment". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of University for Peace presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  29. ^ "Biographical note - New Head of the International Committee of the Red Cross Delegation presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  30. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Delegation presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  31. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of the International Olympic Committee presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  32. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of Inter-Parliamentary Union presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Biographical note - New Permanent Observer of Sovereign Military Order of Malta presents appointment letter". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 1 August 2019.

External links[edit]