Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Direct elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo occur for the Presidency, National Assembly (lower house of the legislature), and provincial assemblies. The Senate, the upper house of the legislature, is elected indirectly by members of the provincial assemblies.

The 1960 elections, held in the wake of independence, saw Patrice Lumumba become prime minister and Joseph Kasavubu president. In 1965 Mobutu Sese Seko seized power and declared himself president. He ruled until 1997 when Laurent Kabila seized power after the First Congo War. When Laurent Kabila was killed in 2001, his son Joseph Kabila took over the presidency while the country was going through the Second Congo War (1998–2003). The Second Congo War was officially declared over in 2003. The period that followed was relatively peaceful, with the United Nations' largest peacekeeping force maintaining the peace. However, the Ituri Conflict marred the peace, with periods of violence in the northeastern Ituri Province. In December 2005 a referendum on a new constitution was held. It was approved, paving way for the first multiparty elections in 46 years.

The first multi-party elections in the country since 1960 took place in July 2006. Kabila was elected president and was reelected in 2011. His constitutionally-mandated term ended in 2016, but the government put off a new election, citing logistical problems and the ongoing conflict in the eastern DRC. The long delayed general election finally took place on 30 December 2018, which resulted in a surprise victory for Félix Tshisekedi, although this was questioned by election observers and led to accusations of voter fraud by another opposition candidate, Martin Fayulu. The Constitutional Court of the DRC dismissed Fayulu's challenge of the result, confirming Tshisekedi as the winner. Joseph Kabila stepped down in January 2019, with Tshisekedi being inaugurated as the 5th President of the DRC on January 24. This was the first democratic transition of power in the country since it gained independence in 1960.

Latest elections[edit]

2018 presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Félix Tshisekedi Union for Democracy and Social Progress 7,051,013 38.57
Martin Fayulu Dynamic of Congolese Political Opposition 6,366,732 34.83
Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary Independent 4,357,359 23.84
Jean-Philibert Mabaya Gizi Amine Rainbow of Congo
Marie-Josée Ifoku Alliance of Elites for a New Congo
Radjabho Tebabho Soborabo Congolese United for Reform
Pierre Honoré Kazadi Lukonda Ngube-Ngube People's Front for Justice
Seth Kikuni Independent
Tryphon Kin-Kiey Mulumba Independent
Charles Luntadila Independent
Sylvain Maurice Masheke Independent
Joseph Maluta Independent
Francis Mvemba Independent
Theodore Ngoy Ilunga wa Nsenga Independent
Alain Daniel Shekomba Independent
Noel K Tshiani Muadiamvita Independent
Gabriel Mokia Mandembo Movement of Congolese Democrats
Yves Mpunga Premier Political Force
Samy Badibanga The Progressives
Invalid/blank voted
Total 18,329,318
Registered voters/turnout 47.56
Source: Jeune Afrique[1]

2018 parliamentary election[edit]

Party or alliance Votes % Seats +/–
FPTP PR Total
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD) 52 8px 10
Alliance of Democratic Forces of Congo and Allies (AFDC-A) 41 8px 26
Union for Democracy and Social Progress-Tshisekedi (UDPS/Tshisekedi) 32 8px 9
Alternative Action for Well-being and Change (AAB) 30
Social Movement (MS) 23
Alliance of Actors for Good Governance of Congo (AABC) 22
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC) 22 8px
People's Party for Peace and Democracy (PPPD) 21 8px 8
Alliance of Democrats for Renewal and Progress (ADRP) 21
Alliance of Movements of Kongo (AMK) 20
Unified Lumumbist Party and allies (PALU-A) 17 8px 2
Union for the Congolese Nation (UNC) 14 8px 3
Future of Congo (ACO) 12
Alliance for Building an Emerging Congo (ABCE) 11
Rally for the Reconstruction of Congo (RRC) 11 =
Congolese Party for Development (PCD) 11
Group of 7 (G7) 10
Action of allies to improve living conditions for the Congolese (AAAC) 10
CCU Political Alliance and Allies (ALLIANCE) 8
Alliance for Democratic Alternative (AAD) 7
Dynamic of the Opposition (DO) ⩾ 1
Social Movement for Renewal (MSR)
Together for Change (EPC)
Our Congo (CNB) ⩾ 1
Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD)
Christian Democrat Party (PDC)
Other -
Independents
Postponed 1 14 15 -
Common Front for the Congo (PPRD-PPPD-AFDC-AAB-others) 337
Lamuka Coalition (DO-MLC-EPC-PALU-CNB-MSR) 94
Direction for Change Coalition (UDPS/Tshisekedi-UNC) 46 8px 12
Invalid/blank votes 168,136
Total 18,329,318 100 60 440 500 0
Registered voters/turnout 38,542,138 47.56
Source: Digital Congo

2018 provincial elections[edit]

Provincial assembly election results, 2018[2]
Party Votes % Seats +/-
FPTP PR Total
Alliance of Democratic Forces of Congo and Allies (AFDC-A) 68
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD) 56
People's Party for Peace and Democracy (PPPD) 46
Alternative Action for Well-being and Change (AAB) 45
Union for Democracy and Social Progress-Tshisekedi (UDPS-Tshisekedi) 43
Action of allies to improve living conditions for the Congolese (AAAC) 26
Group of Seven (G7) 26
Social Movement (MS) 25
Alliance of Actors for Good Governance of Congo (AABC) 24
Alliance of Democrats for Renewal and Progress (ADRP) 24
Alliance for Building an Emerging Congo (ABCE) 23
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC) 22
Rally for the Reconstruction of Congo (RRC) 22
Alliance of Movements of Kongo (AMK) 21
Unified Lumumbist Party and Allies (PALU-A) 20
Future of Congo (ACO) 20
CCU Political Alliance and Allies (ALLIANCE) 15
Alliance for Democratic Alternative (AAD) 15
Congolese Party for Development (PCD) 11
Other -
Independents
Votes cast
Blank or invalid votes
Total 100 715 65 780 8px 90
Abstentions
Turnout 40,024,897

2019 Senate election[edit]

Composition of the Senate from March 2019[3]
Party Seats +/-
Common Front for the Congo 91
Lamuka Coalition 6 8px 13
Coalition for Change 3 8px 3
Senator for life 1 New
Vacant seats 8 -
Total 109 8px 1

Past elections and referendums[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

transition; Last update August 1, 2006

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RDC : Félix Tshisekedi élu président, selon les résultats provisoires". 10 January 2019.
  2. ^ La Carte politique de la RDC après les législatives du 30 décembre 2018
  3. ^ RDC : après l’Assemblée nationale, le FCC de Kabila remporte la majorité absolue au Sénat