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2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

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2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

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4,051 delegate votes to the Democratic National Convention
2,026 delegate votes needed to win

Previous Democratic nominee

Hillary Clinton



The 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses will be a series of electoral contests organized by the Democratic Party to select the 4,051 delegates to the Democratic National Convention and determine the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in the 2020 U.S. presidential election. The elections will take place within all fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and five U.S. territories. An extra 716 unpledged delegates (712 votes) or superdelegates, including party leaders and elected officials, will be appointed by the party leadership independently of the primary’s electoral process. The convention will also approve the party's platform and vice-presidential nominee.

Following the 2016 presidential elections, significant changes were proposed that would change the number and role of superdelegates in the nomination process.[1] Changes were enacted on August 25, 2018, which would allow superdelegates to vote on only the first ballot at a convention if it were uncontested.[2]

Background[edit]

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, the Democratic Party was seen as not having a clear leader.[3] There remained divisions in the party following the 2016 primaries which pitted Clinton against independent democratic socialist Bernie Sanders.[4][5] Between the 2016 election and the 2018 midterm elections, Senate Democrats have generally shifted to the political left in terms to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration.[6][7]

Soon after the 2016 general election, the division between Clinton and Sanders supporters was highlighted in the 2017 Democratic National Committee chairmanship election between Tom Perez and Keith Ellison.[8] Perez was elected Chairman and appointed Ellison as the Deputy Chair, a largely ceremonial role.[6][7] Several candidates began releasing serious policy proposals early in 2019 resulting in the "invisible primary" becoming more visible than in previous elections.

Perez has commented that the 2020 primary field will likely go into double-digits, rivaling the size of the 2016 GOP primary, which consisted of 17 major candidates.[9] In response to criticism of their 2016 debate schedule, the DNC has planned for at least twelve televised debates (the first six taking place in 2019). Depending on the size of the primary field, Perez has floated the possibility of splitting a single debate between two nights at the same location, choosing the participants of each night publicly and at random. Additionally, instead of polling numbers being the sole margin of participating in a debate, grassroots fundraising amounts will also factor into a candidate's inclusion.[10]

Reflecting growing changes to the demographics of the elected Democratic officials, several female candidates are expected to enter the race, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats nominating a woman for the second time in a row.[11] The topic of age has been raised in regards to some of the most likely front-runners: Joe Biden, Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders; who will be 78, 71, and 79 respectively on Inauguration Day. Former Democratic Senate Leader Harry Reid described the trio as "an old folks' home", expressing a need for younger, lesser known faces to step up and lead the party.[12]

Candidates[edit]

Declared major candidates[edit]

In addition to having stated that they are running for president in 2020, the candidates in this section have held public office or have been included in a minimum of five independent national polls:

Name Born Experience State Announced Ref
Julián Castro's Official HUD Portrait.jpg
Julian Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 44)
San Antonio, Texas
U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
Flag of Texas.png
Texas
January 12, 2019
Julian2020version1logo.png
(CampaignWebsite)
FEC filing
[13]
John Delaney 113th Congress official photo.jpg
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 55)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. Representative from MD-06 (2013–2019) Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
July 28, 2017
John Delaney logo.jpg
(CampaignWebsite)
FEC filing
[14]
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 48)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia State Senator (2016–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. Representative from WV-03 in 2018
Flag of West Virginia.svg
West Virginia
November 11, 2018
Ojeda's presidential campaign.png
(CampaignWebsite)
FEC filing
[15]


Other declared candidates[edit]

As of January 2019, 142 individuals have filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for President in the Democratic Party primary,[16] including the following notable candidates:

Name Born Experience State Announced Ref
.Michael E Arth 2020 presidential campaign-1.jpg
Michael E. Arth
April 27, 1953
(age 65)
Burtonwood, England
Artist, builder, architectural designer, and public policy analyst
Independent candidate for Governor of Florida in 2010
Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
November 4, 2018
(Website)
FEC filing
-
HB 2013 (cropped).jpg
Harry Braun
November 6, 1948
(age 70)
Compton, California
Renewable energy consultant and researcher
Candidate for U.S. Representative from GA-11 in 2018
Candidate for President in 2016
Candidate for President in 2012
Independent candidate for President in 2004
Democratic nominee for U.S. Representative from AZ-01 in 1986
Democratic nominee for U.S. Representative from AZ-01 in 1984
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
Georgia
December 7, 2017
(Website)
FEC filing
[18]
Ken-E-Nwadike-Jr-motivational-speaker.jpg
Ken Nwadike Jr.
December 29, 1981
(age 37)
San Diego, California
Documentary filmmaker, motivational speaker, and peace activist Flag of California.svg
California
October 18, 2017
(Website)
FEC filing
[19]
Robby Wells.PNG
Robby Wells
April 10, 1968
(age 50)
Bartow, Georgia
Former college football coach
Independent candidate for President in 2016
Constitution candidate for President in 2012
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
Georgia
May 12, 2018
(Website)
FEC filing
[20]
Andrew Yang talking about urban entrepreneurship at Techonomy Conference 2015 in Detroit, MI (cropped).jpg
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 44)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur and founder of Venture for America Flag of New York.svg
New York
November 6, 2017
Andrew Yang 2020 logo.png
(CampaignWebsite)
FEC filing
[21]

Individuals with scheduled campaign announcements[edit]


Individuals who are formally exploring a candidacy[edit]


Individuals who have publicly expressed interest[edit]

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months. Some already have leadership PACs that function as campaign committees.[33]


Speculative candidates[edit]

The following people have been subjects of speculation about their potential candidacy within the last six months, although they have neither personally expressed interest nor declined to run.

Declined to be candidates[edit]

The individuals in this section have been the subject of speculation about their possible candidacy, but have publicly denied interest in running.

Debates and forums[edit]

On December 20, 2018, Tom Perez, the chairman for the Democratic National Committee, announced the preliminary schedule for a series of official debates, set to begin in June 2019.[163] This is in addition to a series of forums and "cattle call" appearances where the candidates do not sit on the same stage and converse.[citation needed]

Timeline[edit]

Overview[edit]

Active campaigns
Ended campaigns
Iowa Caucuses
Super Tuesday
Convention 2020
Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignJulian Castro 2020 presidential campaign

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

  • Various candidates visit Iowa and New Hampshire. Representative John Delaney of Maryland had made 35 visits and Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon made 19 visits to both states as of November 2018.[165]
  • August 25: Democratic Party officials and television networks begin discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[166] Changes were made to the role of superdelegates, deciding to only allow them to vote on the first ballot if the nomination is uncontested.[1]
  • November 6: 2018 midterm elections; Democrats win House; Republicans keep the Senate.[167]
  • November 11: West Virginia State Senator Richard Ojeda announces candidacy.[168]
  • November 25: U.S. Senator and candidate for president in 2016 Bernie Sanders says he will 'probably run'.[169]
  • December 4: Following months of speculation of his potential candidacy, attorney Michael Avenatti posts a statement on Twitter confirming that he will not be running for president.[108]
  • December 5: Former Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick withdraws his name from contention, stating: "...but knowing that the cruelty of our elections process would ultimately splash back on people whom Diane and I love, but who hadn't signed up for the journey, was more than I could ask."[148]
  • December 12: Former Secretary of Housing & Urban Development Julian Castro forms a 2020 presidential exploratory committee.[170]
  • December 31: Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts forms an exploratory committee.[171]

2019[edit]

  • January 2019: The Democratic National Committee plans to announce the criteria for candidates to be eligible to participate in sanctioned debates.[163][172]
  • January 2: Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York endorses the hypothetical candidacy of former Vice President Joe Biden, stating Biden has "the best case" among the contenders. [173]
  • January 3: Former Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley announces he won't run again for president, but endorses the hypothetical candidacy of former Rep. Beto O'Rourke of Texas.[174][175] Senator Dianne Feinstein of California endorses the hypothetical candidacy of former Vice President Joe Biden, explicitly over the hypothetical candidacy of fellow California Senator Kamala Harris.[176] The 116th U.S. Congress is sworn in, ending the tenures of John Delaney and Beto O'Rourke.[177]
  • January 9: Billionaire activist Tom Steyer ends speculation and announces he will not run for president in 2020.[178]
  • January 11: U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii announces she has decided to run for president, with a formal announcement to take place within the next week.[179]
  • January 12: Former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julian Castro officially announces his candidacy for president.[170][180]
  • January 15: Senator Kirsten Gillibrand of New York announces the formation of an exploratory committee.[29]
  • January 28: Spiritual teacher Marianne Williamson is expected to make an official announcement regarding her candidacy.[181]
  • Starting in June, a series of forums and debates are expected to take place.[163]
  • Official lists of candidates are expected to be placed on early primary ballots starting in late October.

2020[edit]

February

March

National convention[edit]

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled for July 13–16, 2020.[183]

On June 20, 2018, the DNC announced four finalist bidders under consideration for the convention site: Houston, Texas,[184] Miami Beach, Florida[185] (hosted the 1972 convention), Milwaukee, Wisconsin,[186] and Denver, Colorado. Denver was immediately withdrawn from consideration by representatives for the city, citing scheduling conflicts.[187]

Endorsements[edit]

Julian Castro
U.S. Executive Branch officials
U.S. Representatives
State legislators
Local officials
Individuals
John Delaney
U.S. Representatives
Richard Ojeda
Individuals
Andrew Yang
Individuals

Primary election polling[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h This individual is not a member of the Democratic Party, but has been the subject of speculation or expressed interest in running under this party.

References[edit]

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