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2019 Nigerian general election

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2019 Nigerian presidential election

← 2015 23–24 February 2019 2023 →

26,527,423
25% in each of 2/3 States + Majority votes needed to win
Registered84,004,084
Turnout35.6% (Decrease8.05pp)
  Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (cropped).jpg Atiku Abubakar.jpg
Nominee Muhammadu Buhari Atiku Abubakar
Party APC PDP
Home state Katsina Adamawa
Running mate Yemi Osinbajo Peter Obi
States carried 19 17 + FCT
Popular vote 15,191,847 11,262,978
Percentage 55.6% 41.2%

Nigeria presidential election 2019.svg
States won by Abubakar (in green) and Buhari (blue)

President before election

Muhammadu Buhari
APC

Elected President

Muhammadu Buhari
APC

2019 Nigerian Senate election
23 February 2019

All 109 seats in the Senate of Nigeria
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan Abiodun Olujimi
Party APC PDP
Leader's seat Yobe North Ekiti South
Seats before 53 50

President of the Senate before election

Bukola Saraki
PDP

Elected President of the Senate

TBD

2019 Nigerian National Assembly election
23 February 2019

All 360 seats in the House of Representatives
  First party Second party
 
Leader Femi Gbajabiamila Ogor Okuweh
Party APC PDP
Leader's seat Surulere I Isoko North / South
Seats before 190 151

Speaker before election

Yakubu Dogara
PDP

Elected Speaker

TBD

General elections were held in Nigeria on 23 February 2019 to elect the President, Vice President, House of Representatives and the Senate.[1][2][3][4] The elections had initially been scheduled for 16 February, but the Election Commission postponed the vote by a week at 03:00 on the original polling day, citing logistical challenges in getting electoral materials to polling stations on time.[5] In some places, the vote was delayed until 24 February due to electoral violence.[6] Polling in some areas was subsequently delayed until 9 March, when voting was carried out alongside gubernatorial and state assembly elections.[7]

The elections were the most expensive ever held in Nigeria, costing ₦69 billion more than the 2015 elections.[8][9]

Incumbent president Muhammadu Buhari won his reelection bid, defeating his closest rival Atiku Abubakar by over 3 million votes. He has been issued a Certificate of Return,[10][11] and will be sworn in on 12 June 2019.[12]

Electoral system

The President of Nigeria is elected using a modified two round system, to be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive a majority of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least 24 of the 36 states. If no candidate passes this threshold, a second round is held.[13]

The 109 members of the Senate were elected from 109 single-seat constituencies (three in each state and one for the Federal Capital Territory) by first-past-the-post voting.[14] The 360 members of the House of Representatives were also elected by first-past-the-post voting in single-member constituencies۔[15]

Presidential candidates

Party primaries

PDP

The People's Democratic Party held its presidential primaries on 5 October 2018, at the Adokiye Amiesimaka Stadium, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Thirteen aspirants contested for the ticket of the PDP, with Atiku Abubakar emerging the winner.[16]

Candidate Votes %
Atiku Abubakar 1,532 48.6
Aminu Tambuwal 693 22.0
Bukola Saraki 317 10.1
Rabiu Kwankwaso 158 5.0
Ibrahim Dankwambo 111 3.5
Sule Lamido 96 3.0
Ahmed Makarfi 74 2.3
Tanimu Turaki 65 2.1
Attahiru Bafarawa 48 1.5
David Mark 35 1.1
Jonah Jang 19 0.6
Datti Ahmed 5 0.1
Total 3,153 100
Source: The Punch[17]

APC

Incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari was selected as the sole candidate of the All Progressives Congress party primaries held on 29 September 2018.[18]

Other candidates included:

Presidential debates

A presidential and vice-presidential debate was organised by the Nigerian Elections Debate Group (NEDG) and the Broadcasting Organisations of Nigeria (BON), with invitations extended to five of the 78 presidential candidates. The Debate Group explained the exclusion of other candidates as a measure to ensure the effectiveness of the debate and not an endorsement of the candidates chosen.[32][33]

The vice presidential debate was held on 14 December 2018, at the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja. All invited vice presidential candidates were present, with candidates discussing their health, education, security and foreign affairs policies.[34][35]

The presidential debate occurred on 19 January 2019, and took place at the same venue. The two leading presidential contestants were absent, with Atiku Abubakar leaving the venue upon discovering that Muhammadu Buhari was absent. Fela Durotoye (ANN), Oby Ezekwesili (ACPN) and Kingsley Moghalu (YPN) continued the debate, while criticising the absence of the others. Mark Eddo moderated the debate.[36][37]

Opinion polls

Poll source Date Sample size Abubakar
PDP
Buhari
APC
Others Notes
Seamfix[38][39] 9 November 2018–4 January 2019 2,440 48% 25% 31%

Conduct

Immediately following the elections there were claims of widespread fraud by the opposition. The claims included accusations of ballot box snatching, vote-trading and impersonation. There were also claims that caches of explosives were found by police.[40][41]

The African Union said the elections were "largely peaceful and conducive for the conducting of credible elections." The electoral commission also described the elections as mostly peaceful.[42]

Results

President

The results of the presidential election were announced in the early hours of 27 February 2019.[43]

Buhari
55.60%
Atiku
41.22%
others
3.18%
Margin: 3,918,870
Candidate Party Votes %
Muhammadu Buhari All Progressives Congress 15,191,847 55.60
Atiku Abubakar People's Democratic Party 11,262,978 41.22
Felix Nicolas Peoples Coalition Party 110,196 0.40
Obadiah Mailafia African Democratic Congress 97,874 0.36
Gbor John Wilson Terwase All Progressives Grand Alliance 66,851 0.24
Yabagi Sani Yusuf Action Democratic Party 54,930 0.20
Akhimien Davidson Isibor Grassroots Development Party of Nigeria 41,852 0.15
Ibrahim Aliyu Hassan African Peoples Alliance 36,866 0.13
Donald Duke Social Democratic Party 34,746 0.13
Omoyele Sowore African Action Congress 33,953 0.12
Da-Silva Thomas Ayo Save Nigeria Congress 28,680 0.10
Shitu Mohammed Kabir Advanced Peoples Democratic Alliance 26,558 0.10
Yusuf Mamman Dantalle Allied Peoples' Movement 26,039 0.10
Kingsley Moghalu Young Progressive Party 21,886 0.08
Ameh Peter Ojonugwa Progressive Peoples Alliance 21,822 0.08
Ositelu Isaac Babatunde Accord Party 19,209 0.07
Fela Durotoye Alliance for New Nigeria 16,779 0.06
Bashayi Isa Dansarki Masses Movement of Nigeria 14,540 0.05
Osakwe Felix Johnson Democratic People's Party 14,483 0.05
Abdulrashid Hassan Baba Action Alliance 14,380 0.05
Nwokeafor Ikechukwu Ndubuisi Advanced Congress of Democrats 11,325 0.04
Maina Maimuna Kyari Northern People's Congress 10,081 0.04
Victor Okhai Providence Peoples Congress 8,979 0.03
Chike Ukaegbu Advanced Allied Party 8,902 0.03
Oby Ezekwesili Allied Congress Party of Nigeria 7,223 0.03
Ibrahim Usman Alhaji National Rescue Movement 6,229 0.02
Ike Keke New Nigeria People's Party 6,111 0.02
Moses Ayibiowu National Unity Party 5,323 0.02
Awosola Williams Olusola Democratic Peoples Congress 5,242 0.02
Muhammed Usman Zaki Labour Party 5,074 0.02
Eke Samuel Chukwuma Green Party of Nigeria 4,924 0.02
Nwachukwu Chuks Nwabuikwu All Grassroots Alliance 4,689 0.02
Hamza Al Mustafa Peoples Party of Nigeria 4,622 0.02
Shipi Moses Godia All Blended Party 4,523 0.02
Chris Okotie Fresh Democratic Party 4,554 0.02
Tope Fasua Abundant Nigeria Renewal Party 4,340 0.02
Onwubuya Freedom And Justice Party 4,174 0.02
Asukwo Mendie Archibong Nigeria For Democracy 4,096 0.01
Ahmed Buhari Sustainable National Party 3,941 0.01
Salisu Yunusa Tanko National Conscience Party 3,799 0.01
Shittu Moshood Asiwaju Alliance National Party 3,586 0.01
Obinna Uchechukwu Ikeagwuonu All People's Party 3,585 0.01
Balogun Isiaka Ishola United Democratic Party 3,170 0.01
Obaje Yusufu Ameh Advanced Nigeria Democratic Party 3,104 0.01
Chief Umenwa Godwin All Grand Alliance Party 3,071 0.01
Israel Nonyerem Davidson, Reform and Advancement Party 2,972 0.01
Ukonga Frank Democratic Alternative 2,769 0.01
Santuraki Hamisu Mega Party of Nigeria 2,752 0.01
Adesanya-Davies Mercy Olufunmilayo Mass Action Joint Alliance 2,651 0.01
Gbenga Olawepo-Hashim Peoples Trust 2,613 0.01
Ali Soyode Yes Electorates Solidarity 2,394 0.01
Nsehe Nseobong Restoration Party of Nigeria 2,388 0.01
Ojinika Geff Chizee Coalition for Change 2,391 0.01
Rabia Yasai Hassan Cengiz National Action Council 2,279 0.01
Eunice Atuejide National Interest Party 2,248 0.01
Dara John Alliance of Social Democrats 2,146 0.01
Fagbenro-byron Samuel Adesina Kowa Party 1,911 0.01
Emmanuel Etim Change Nigeria Party 1,874 0.01
Chukwu-Eguzolugo Sunday Chikendu Justice Must Prevail Party 1,853 0.01
Madu Nnamdi Edozie Independent Democrats 1,845 0.01
Osuala Chukwudi John Re-build Nigeria Party 1,792 0.01
Albert Owuru Ambrose Hope Democratic Party 1,663 0.01
David Esosa Ize-Iyamu Better Nigeria Progressive Party 1,649 0.01
Inwa Ahmed Sakil Unity Party of Nigeria 1,631 0.01
Akpua Robinson National Democratic Liberty Party 1,588 0.01
Mark Emmanuel Audu United Patriots 1,561 0.01
Ishaka Paul Ofemile Nigeria Elements Progressive Party 1,524 0.01
Kriz David Liberation Movement 1,438 0.01
Ademola Babatunde Abidemi Nigeria Community Movement Party 1,378 0.01
A. Edosomwan Johnson National Democratic Liberty Party 1,192 0.00
Angela Johnson Alliance for a United Nigeria 1,092 0.00
Abah Lewis Elaigwu Change Advocacy Party 1,111 0.00
Nwangwu Uchenna Peter We The People Nigeria 732 0.00
Invalid/blank votes 1,289,607
Total 28,614,190 100
Registered voters/turnout 82,344,107 34.75
Source: Vanguard

By state

State Buhari Atiku Sowore Moghalu Durotoye Duke Mailafia
Abia 85,058 219,698 212 88 720 472 336
Adamawa 378,078 410,266 282 109 162 978 3,989
Akwa Ibom 175,429 395,832 222 118 95 92 230
Anambra 33,298 524,738 124 4,091 45 932 227
Bauchi 798,428 209,313 183 112 46 516 296
Bayelsa 118,821 197,933 126 50 37 124 1,078
Benue 347,668 356,817 309 557 201 4,927 554
Borno 836,496 71,788 269 78 29 322 301
Cross River 117,302 295,737 242 217 88 1,395 326
Delta 221,292 594,068 1,626 497 320 1,745 1,075
Ebonyi 90,726 258,573 205 192 683 452 213
Edo 267,842 275,691 3,106 531 273 184 850
Ekiti 219,231 154,032 400 68 88 48 406
Enugu 54,423 355,553 219 1,379 141 130 348
Gombe 402,961 138,484 165 39 78 248 248
Imo 140,463 334,923 467 676 119 772 541
Jigawa 794,738 289,895 226 67 66 5,011 261
Kaduna 993,445 649,612 243 196 261 1,737 558
Kano 1,464,768 391,593 416 200 114 635 591
Katsina 1,232,133 308,056 186 61 82 150 237
Kebbi 581,552 154,282 276 53 99 2,376 285
Kogi 285,894 218,207 250 87 89 2,226 4,369
Kwara 308,984 138,184 401 140 422 212 456
Lagos 580,825 448,015 8,910 5,733 6,946 770 2,915
Nassarawa 289,903 283,847 75 44 45 359 339
Niger 612,371 218,052 324 113 145 239 588
Ogun 281,762 194,655 3,196 553 1,509 1,374 25,283
Ondo 241,769 275,901 4,414 1224 311 1,618 6,296
Osun 347,634 337,377 1,022 189 268 259 1,525
Oyo 365,229 366,690 4,014 1,608 1,896 766 40,830
Plateau 468,555 548,665 268 442 796 599 590
Rivers 150,710 473,971 372 415 365 1,244 597
Sokoto 490,333 361,604 181 184 84 301 331
Taraba 324,906 374,743 116 80 35 862 211
Yobe 497,914 50,763 137 36 37 180 162
Zamfara 438,682 125,423 186 44 24 81 186
FCT 152,224 259,997 583 1,083 652 410 246
Total 15,191,847 11,262,978 33,953 21,886 16,779 34,746 97,874
Source: BBC, This Day, Vanguard[44] [45][46]

Senate

Senate President Bukola Saraki (PDP) was defeated in Kwara Central by the APC candidate.[47]

Currently, 64 incumbent Senators will not be returning as members of the Ninth Senate, having been defeated during the elections. While the APC will have a simple majority of votes in the Senate, it will not have a supermajority (74 votes), meaning it cannot push through major bills on its own. Three Senate seats have yet to be filled.[48]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
All Progressives Congress 64
People's Democratic Party 41
Young Progressive Party 1
To be determined 3
Invalid/blank votes
Total 109 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Stears Election Centre[49], Legit.ng[48]

House of Representatives

Party Votes % Seats +/–
All Progressives Congress 216
People's Democratic Party 114
All Progressives Grand Alliance 10
African Democratic Congress 3
People's Redemption Party 2
Action Alliance 2
Social Democratic Party 1
Young Progressive Party 1
Labour Party 1
To be determined 10
Invalid/blank votes
Total 360 0
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Stears Election Centre[49], ElectionGuide[50]

Governors

On 2 March 2019, elections were held for governors of 29 of the 36 states of Nigeria. Elections were suspended in Rivers State.[51]

Party Governorships
won
+/–
All Progressives Congress 13
People's Democratic Party 9
To be determined 6
Election suspended 1
No election held 7
Total 36 0
Source: Stears Election Centre[49], BBC Pidgin[52]

References

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  4. ^ INEC announces dates for 2019 general elections Premium Times, 9 March 2017
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  14. ^ About the Senate National Assembly
  15. ^ Electoral system IPU
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